In this section, it was agreed on the conditions of fair trade between telecommunications industries in different countries. In particular, the rules exclude measures relating to the transmission or cable distribution of radio or television programmes. It was not until early 2001, after the election of George W. Bush in the United States and with John Howard in power in Australia, that he became an Australia-USA. The ATF has finally taken shape. In April 2001, President Bush expressed interest in a free trade agreement with Australia, provided that “everything is on the table.” In 2004, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade commissioned a private consulting firm – the Centre for International Economics (CIE) – to model the economic impact of such an agreement. Negotiations on the Free Trade Agreement began in March 2003 and, after six rounds of negotiations in Canberra, Hawaii and Washington, D.C, the text was finally adopted in February 2004 and signed in May 2004 in Washington by Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile and U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick. According to Shiro Armstrong, of crawford School of Public Policy at the Australian National University, more than 10 years of data recording by the Productivity Commission concluded that Australia and the United States lost trade with the rest of the world – that there was trade diversion – because of THE AUSFTA after controlling country-specific factors. Estimates also indicate that trade between Australia and the United States as part of the implementation of the AUSFTA has declined, even after country-specific factors have been monitored.  Shiro Armstrong also concludes that Australia and the United States have reduced their trade with the rest of the world by $53 billion and are worse off than they would have been without the agreement.
 In conjunction with the current WTO Agreement on Health and Plant Health Measures (SPS), two committees are created in this section to ensure compliance with the provisions of the SPS agreement. Chapter 4 deals with the trade in textiles and clothing between the two countries. Most of this section includes rules of origin for textile products and protection of the internal markets of both countries. The agreement provides for an emergency mechanism if the sudden increase in imports due to the reduction in tariffs has negative effects on the domestic industry of the importing country. Chapter 19 raises concerns that a relaxation of environmental legislation would allow the parties to obtain commercial benefits. The chapter also sets out definitions that will be used throughout the agreement to ensure consistency. In addition, workers` groups expressed concern about the agreement. In a report to the USTR office, the Laboratory Advisory Committee (LAC) recommended that Congress reject the U.S.-Australia free trade agreement because they believed the agreement did not meet the negotiating objectives of Congress.  The agreement extends the rights of patent holders. Free trade agreements are international agreements that remove or reduce certain barriers to trade and investment between two or more countries. Australia currently has 11 free trade agreements with 18 countries and is seeking to negotiate and implement additional agreements. This section also describes the evidence and verifications as to whether the products traded are in fact from the exporting country, as required by the agreement.